Ball And Roller Bearings
Most rolling bearings consist of bearing rings (an inner ring and an outer ring), rolling elements and a rolling element retainer (cage). The retainer separates the rolling elements at regular intervals, holds them in place within the inner and outer raceways, and allows them to rotate freely.
Rolling bearings fall into two main classifications: ball bearings and roller bearings.Balls geometrically contact the raceway surfaces of the inner and outer rings at “points,” while the contact surface of rollers is a “line” contact. Rollers come in four basic geometric styles: cylindrical, needle, tapered and spherical. Rolling bearings can further be classified according to the direction in which the load is applied: radial, thrust, or a combination of both.